Microstructural and chemical analysis of selected poultry bedding materials — potential substrates in agricultural biogas production technologies

  • Piotr Sakiewicz Institute of Engineering Materials and Biomaterials, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Silesian University of Technology
  • Jan Cebula Institute of Environmental Protection and Engineering, Faculty of Materials and Environmental Sciences, University of Bielsko-Biala
  • Krzysztof Piotrowski Department of Chemical Engineering and Process Design, Faculty of Chemistry, Silesian University of Technology
  • Jolanta Bohdziewicz Institute of Water and Wastewater Engineering, Faculty of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Silesian University of Technology
Słowa kluczowe: agricultural biogas, poultry breeding, bedding biomaterials, chemical analysis, microstructural analysis

Abstrakt

The research results concerning microstructure and chemical composition of selected post-processed poultry beddings derived from industrial-scale poultry breeding are presented. It was found, that the proper trend is providing the optimal conditions in respect to bred-animals comfort. The highest concentration of biogenic elements — especially nitrogen and potassium — was observed for the samples of poultry manure premixed with the straw. High quality of bedding biomass influences the inhibition of poultry-manure decomposition processes advantageously. In effect, biogas yield increases (due to C/N adjustment), in spite of the fact that increase in ammonium nitrogen concentration simultaneously inhibits the methane fermentation process.

Bibliografia

Dalkılıc, K., Ugurlu, A. (2015). Biogas production from chicken manure at different organic loading rates in a mesophilic-thermopilic two stage anaerobic system. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, 120(3), 315–322.

Zhongqi, H.E., Pagliari, P.H., Waldrip, H.M. (2016). Applied and environmental chemistry of animal manure: A review. Pedosphere, 26(6), 779–816.

Bharathiraja, B., Sudharsana, T., Jayamuthunagai, J., Praveenkumar, R., Chozhavendhan, S., Iyyappan, J. (2018). Biogas production — A review on composition, fuel properties, feed stock and principles of anaerobic digestion. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 90, 570–582.

Tao, W., Ukwuani, A.T. (2015). Coupling thermal stripping and acid absorption for ammonia recovery from dairy manure: Ammonia volatilization kinetics and effects of temperature, pH and dissolved solids content. Chemical Engineering Journal, 280, 188–196.

Walker, M., Iyer, K., Heaven, S., Banks, C.J. (2011). Ammonia removal in anaerobic digestion by biogas stripping: An evaluation of process alternatives using a first order rate model based on experimental findings. Chemical Engineering Journal, 178, 138–145.

Nakakubo, R., Moller, H.B., Nielsen, A.M., Matsuda, J. (2008). Ammonia inhibition of methanogenesis and identification of process indicators during anaerobic digestion. Environmental Engineering Science, 25, 1487–1496.

Opublikowane
2019-06-26
Jak cytować
Sakiewicz, P., Cebula, J., Piotrowski, K., & Bohdziewicz, J. (2019). Microstructural and chemical analysis of selected poultry bedding materials — potential substrates in agricultural biogas production technologies. Eco-Energetics: Technologies, Environment, Law and Economy, 2, 113-122. https://doi.org/10.24426/eco-energetics.v2i2.116
Dział
Articles